Time travel With the ancient Sumerians   Leave a comment

In babylonian astrology, the stars Castor and Pollux were known as the Great Twins (MUL.MASH.TAB.BA.GAL.GAL). ‘The Twins were regarded as minor gods and were called Meshlamtaea and Lugalirra, meaning respectively ‘The One who has arisen from the Underworld’ and the ‘Mighty King” according to Gavin White. Meslamtaea is mentioned in Sumerian mythology as Nergal and the same tablet states the ‘Mighty King’ is Ninazu both were born to Ninlil in the underworld whilst pregnant with Nanna the moon.

The Constellation on the eastern horizon at Sun rise, on the Summer Solstice was associated with the netherworld and Enlil who ruled over the sun at its height. This myth which is set pre- Sumer could be a reference to the age of Gemini when Ninlil or Virgo ruled the summer solstice.  The constellation Gemini would rule the Spring equinox which is associated with the constellation being slain by the sun.

Ninazu corresponds with Ningishzida both are healing Gods connected to the underworld., in Sumerian mythology, he appears in Adapa’s myth as one of the two guardians of Anu’s celestial palace, alongside Dumuz /Tammuz /Damuzid.  Ningishzida is sometimes referred to as the son of Ninazu although his parents were Anu and Ereshkigal.  Perhaps this signifies Ninazu and Nergal as the Great twins and Ningaishzida and Tammuz as the little twins.

The constellation of Gemini contained two Babylonian constellations.

MASH.TAB.BA.GAL.GAL = tu’amu rabûtu“The Great Twins”; alpha and beta Geminorum

MASH.TAB.BA.TUR.TUR”The Little Twins”; zeta and lamda Geminorium

Ningishzida is described in a temple hymn as ‘The prince who stretches out his pure hand the holy one of heaven’. In ‘Ningaishzida’s journey to the netherworld’ he is made divine throne bearer.  It would appear that Nergal and Tammuz represented aspects of the spirit / soul being slain then resurrected / returned to life whilst Ninazu & Ningishzida represent healing and long life.  This fits in with their ideas about the equinox.

In ‘Ningaishzida’s journey to the netherworld’ his sister is described as Meshlamtaea a Cow deity who frees him from the netherworld.  This echos the story of Tammuz and Innana, where Tammuz rescues Innana who is associated with Taurus the bull from the netherworld, and who is then to replaced by his sister.  This theme of male, female, is found in all the signs of the Zodiac Gemini is a masculine sign, Taurus feminine, Aries masculine.

The Sumerians could have had an understanding of the precession of the equinox from earliest times.  Nabta Playa has standing stones representing the alignment changes of stars dating between  6400 BC and 4900 BC.

Gemini’s opposite constellation would also then be connected to the netherworld, which it is as Pabilsag / Sagittarius, most likely meaning is ruler of our ancestors.  Ancestors could have been a reference to the dead.  The Great Babylonian fish constellation which was much large than the eastern fish of Pisces now is, would have represented Enki.

Fast forward and we have Ereshkirgal – Scorpio taking over from Sagittarius on the Autumnal equinox.  Legend says she was originally a sky goddess and was forced to rule the netherworld.  Ereshkigal’s husband the great Bull of heaven is now slain on the spring equinox and Dumuzi’s sister replaces him.

Fast forward some more and Aries is now on the Equinox.  Modern-day Aries was known as MULLÚ.ḪUN.GÁ, “The Agrarian Worker” or “The Hired Man”. The earliest identifiable reference to Aries as a distinct constellation comes from the boundary stones that date from 1350 to 1000 BCE. On several boundary stones, a zodiacal ram figure is distinct from the other characters present. The shift in identification from the constellation as the Agrarian Worker to the Ram likely occurred in later Babylonian tradition because of its growing association with Dumuzid the shepherd. By the time the MUL.APIN was created—by 1000 BCE—modern Aries was identified with both Dumuzi’s ram and a hired laborer. The exact timing of this shift is difficult to determine due to the lack of images of Aries or other ram figures. But Dumuzi has freed Inanna.

Inanna also becomes associated with the eastern fish of Pisces.  Whilst Dumuzi is described as the son of Enki and will take his place on the waters of Aquarius. Inanna takes the MEs of Enki in Capricorn.


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